Diagnosis and Treatment
By Dr. Nitin Rai

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What is Migraine?

Migraine is a type of headache that can severely throbbing pain or pulsing sensation, usually on one side of the head. It is usually associated with nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and pain can be so severe that it interferes with daily activities.

Migraine Symptoms

Primary Symptoms :

A few hours or days before the headache, about 60% of people have migraine symptoms such as:

1. Sensitivity to light, sound or smell

2. Tiredness

3. Food cravings or loss of appetite

4. Mood changes

5. Intense thirst

6. Swelling

7. Constipation or diarrhea

Other Symptoms :

These symptoms arise from your nervous system and often involve your vision. They usually begin slowly, over a period of 5 to 20 minutes, and last for less than an hour. These may include:

1. See black dots, wavy lines, flashes of light, or things that aren’t there (hallucinations)

2. Have tunnel vision

3. Not be able to see at all

4. Have tingling or numbness on one side of your body

5. Not be able to speak clearly

6. Have a heavy feeling in your arms and legs

7. Have ringing in your ears

8. Notice changes in smell, taste, or touch

Migraine Attack :

A migraine headache often begins as a dull ache and turns into a throbbing pain. It usually gets worse during physical activity. The pain may move from one side of your head to the other, be in the front of your head, or feel like it's affecting your entire head. About 80% of people have nausea with headache, and about half have vomiting. You may also become pale and clammy or feel faint. Most migraine headaches last about 4 hours, but severe ones can last longer than 3 days. Headaches two to four times a month are common. Some people may have migraine headaches every few days, while others may have them once or twice a year.

Post Drone Symptoms :

This condition may last for a day after the headache. Symptoms include: 

 1. Feeling tired, fatigued, or cranky 

2. Feeling unusually refreshed or happy 

3. Muscle pain or weakness 

4. Food cravings or loss of appetite

Migraine Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your health history and your symptoms. It may help if you keep a diary of your symptoms and any triggers you notice. Write:

1. What symptoms do you have, including pain?

2. How many times do you have? How long do they last?

3. Other family members who have migraines.

4. All medicines and supplements you take, even over-the-counter ones.

5. Other medicines you remember taking in the past.

Your doctor may order tests to rule out other things that may be causing your symptoms, including:

1. Blood test

2. Imaging tests such as MRI or CT scan

3. Electroencephalogram (EEG)

🔷This is all about migraine headaches if you are having any of the symptoms so just book an appointment with Dr. Nitin Kumar Rai (Neurologist).

Migraine Treatments :

So now let's discuss the treatment of migraine headaches.
Migraine can’t be cured permanently, but the symptoms of migraine attack can be managed.

The treatment plan depends on:

  •        Age
  •       Occurrence of migraine
  •       Severity of headache
  •       Migraine attacks are associated with nausea and vomiting.
  •       Which medications you are taking.

The treatment depends upon.

  •       Adopting good lifestyle habits
  •       Taking OTC medications like analgesics for headache
  •       Antiemetics for nausea and vomiting
  •       Medications for migration prescribed neurologist
  •       Counseling
  •       Meditation
  •       Yoga
  •       Acupuncture 

🔷This is all about migraine headaches if you are having any of the symptoms so just book an appointment with Dr. Nitin Kumar Rai (Neurologist).