Brain stroke, Paralysis or cerebrovascular accident, these are synonyms of each other. This occurs when there is impairment in the blood supply to the brain, which causes brain cells to die. A brain stroke occurs when there is a blockage of blood circulation to the brain or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and leaks. The burst or blockage prevents blood and oxygen from reaching the brain tissue. Without oxygen, the tissues and cells in the brain become damaged and die over time, causing a number of symptoms.
The range and severity of early stroke symptoms vary greatly, but they share the common characteristic features of sudden onset. Common signs and symptoms of brain stroke include:
1. Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body.
2. Sudden confusion
3. Trouble speaking
4. Difficulty understanding speech
5. Sudden loss of vision in one or both eyes
6. Sudden trouble walking, dizziness
7. Loss of balance or lack of coordination
8. Sudden severe headache with vomiting or fainting
Diagnosis of Brain Stroke (Paralysis)
A healthcare provider can diagnose a stroke using a combination of a neurological exam, diagnostic imaging, and other tests. During a neurological exam, a provider will ask you some tasks or answer questions. As you do these tasks or answer these questions, the provider will look for signs that show problems with the way your brain is working.
Tests will be done to diagnose the condition:
The most common tests that are done when a healthcare provider suspects a stroke include:
1. Computerized tomography (CT) scan.
2. Lab blood tests (looking for signs of infection or heart damage, checking clotting ability and blood sugar levels, checking kidney and liver function, etc.).
3. Electrocardiogram (abbreviated ECG or EKG) to make sure a heart problem is not the source of the problem.
4. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
5. Electroencephalogram (EEG), although less common, can rule out seizures or related problems.
🔷This is all about Brain Stroke if you are having any of the symptoms so just book an appointment with Dr. Nitin Kumar Rai (Neurologist).
Treatment of Brain Stroke (Paralysis)
The treatment of stroke depends on many different factors. The most important factor in determining treatment is the type of stroke a person has.
Ischemic: With an ischemic stroke, the top priority is to restore circulation to the affected brain areas. If this happens fast enough, it is sometimes possible to prevent permanent damage or at least limit the severity of the stroke. Restoring circulation usually involves a certain drug type called thrombolytics, but may also involve a catheterization procedure.
Hemorrhagic: With a hemorrhagic stroke, treatment depends on the location and severity of the bleeding. Lowering blood pressure is often the top priority as this will reduce the amount of bleeding and prevent it from getting worse. Another treatment option is to improve clotting which will stop the bleeding. Sometimes surgery is necessary to relieve pressure from the accumulated blood on your brain.